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Trinovantes and Catuvellauni
(Essex, Hertfordshire and adjoining parts of
Suffolk, Cambridgeshire, Northamptonshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire)
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TP1 – British Celtic, The Eastern Dynasty (Trinovantian and Catuvellaunian Expansion into Atrebatic Territory), Epaticcus (1st half 1st century A.D.), Silver Unit, 1.31g., 15mm, bust of Hercules right, EPATI, rev, an eagle standing on a snake, a pellet in annulet above (M. 263/a; VA 580; BMC 2024-2268/2270-76; S.356), extremely fine, good silver. $495 Now $300

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RM2  – British Celtic, Trinovantes, Addedomaros (Late First Century B.C.), Bronze Unit, 1.30g., 16mm, head left, rev., horse left, (S.206; VA 1646-1), fine, scarce. $125

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RM3 - British Celtic, Trinovantes and Catuvellauni,  Cunobelin (late 1st century B.C. - c.43 A.D.), Bronze Unit, 1.81g., 17mm, beardless winged head left, CVNOBELIN, rev., a seated metal worker with a hammer working on a vase, TASCIO, (BMC 1972-83; VA 2097; S. 342), fair. $95

The reverse of this type is traditionally seen as a metal worker hammering on a metal vase held at knee level. John Creighton in "Coins and Power in Late Iron Age Britain" offers an alternative interpretation of this scene.  He sees the figure as a ritual one where the vase or dish is being emptied onto the ground as an offering to a deity. The object with a curved end in the figures hand, previously seen as a hammer, is re-interpreted as an aspergillum, a short rod with a flowing end made from hair and used in ritual purification. Moreover, the metal worker theory seems even less likely as the seated figure looks more female than male and metal working is not usually a profession associated with women in the ancient world. Creighton sees the depiction of this scene, borrowed from the Roman world, as evidence of the increasing assumption of Roman material, ritual and political culture by the Celtic aristocracy on the eve of the Roman Invasion.