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Scandinavia
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North 795

ME689 - DENMARK, Knud den Store (Cnut the Great), (King of Denmark 1018-1035, King of England 1016-1035), Silver Penning, 1.18g., 20mm, Lund mint (Lund, Skåne (now Sweden)), as the English Last Small Cross type of Aethelred II (c.1000 - 1017), moneyer Thorketill, draped diademed bust left, +CNVT REX AGLORM, rev., small cross, +ÐORCL M-O LVND:, (N.795; same dies as SCBI 14: 2946-2947), holed, edge frayed and with small cracks otherwise very fine, peck marked, toned and very rare. $595 SOLD

 
Provenance:
A.H. Baldwin ticket in the hand of Albert Henry Frederick Baldwin (1889-1970), ticket included.
Ex Lars Emil Bruun (1852-1923) Collection, Sothebys, 18 May, 1925.

This type was once thought to be an early issue of Cnut struck in England during his campaigns against Aethelred II in 1014-1016. It is now thought to be an early Danish issue of Cnut struck at Lund in present day Sweden. The dies are of good style and are perhaps the work of an English moneyer. Early attempts to strike English style coins of uniform design to a standard weight standard like this soon gave way to the more eclectic designs and regional weight standards that characterize the later Danish coinage of Cnut and Harthacnut.

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ME690 - Viking Imitation, Scandinavia or the greater Baltic region, copying England, Aethelred II, the Unready (978-1016), Silver Penny, 0.93g., 20mm, Long Cross type, draped bare-headed bust left, rev., voided long cross, each arm terminating in three crescents, an annulet in each angle, (same dies as SCBI Copenhagen 7.1639; Malmer 488.1532, chain S), frayed edge, hairline cracks otherwise solid fabric, very fine, toned. $525 SOLD

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H5433 - Viking Imitation, Scandinavia or the greater Baltic region, copying England, Cnut (1016-1035), Silver Penny, 1.54g., 19mm, Pointed Helmet type, bust wearing pointed helmet holding sceptre left, +CNVTxIEIxIIIE, rev., voided short cross with annulet in each angle and over base of cross, blundered legends, hairline crack otherwise solid fabric, very fine, toned. $325 SOLD

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ME688 - Viking Imitation, Scandinavia or the greater Baltic region, copying England, Aethelred II, the Unready (978-1016), Silver Penny, 1.04g., 19mm, mule imitating Long Cross and Helmet types, draped bare-headed bust left, rev., voided long cross, each arm terminating in three crescents, over square with a trefoil at each point, (Malmer 939.1628, chain S), only one other coin from these dies, a Polish find recorded in Malmer, very fine, toned. $1495 SOLD

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A Magnificent Example of Sweden's First Coinage.

ME661 – SWEDEN, Olof Skötkonung (994-1021/1022), Penny, 2.46g., 22mm, CRVX type, Sigtuna mint (near Stockholm, Sweden), bare headed draped bust right, holding sceptre, type of Aethelred II right, +OLAFA REX ANGOL, rev., short voided cross with C•RV•X in the angles, LENAN MO TANC, (Malmer 1997 dies 17/67), good extremely fine, toned, large flan, rare, superb! $14,995 SOLD

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ME658 - Harthacnut (in England: Joint king with Harold I 1035-37, Sole King 1040-1042, in Denmark: Joint King with Cnut 1026-35, Sole King 1035-1042), Danish Issue, Silver Penny, 1.04g., 19mm, Lund mint (Lund, Skåne (now Sweden)), moneyer Theodred, coiled serpent +HARÐECNVT RE, rev., curvilinear shield with pellets, pellets in the angles, +Ð:EODRED ON LVN, (Hauberg type 1), very small edge striking crack on rim at 6 o'clock, good very fine, toned, with a clear regal, mint and moneyers name, good style. $1195 SOLD

It has been suggested that this issue was struck during Cnut's lifetime, as it is also appears in his name and belongs to the period after Cnut's military expeditions in Norway and Sweden, when Harthacnut was raised to the rank of joint king in Denmark. The latter half of Cnut's reign is characterized by an abandonment of coin designs based upon English prototypes and the adoption of designs that draw on ideas from indigenous Danish culture. The coiled serpent on the obverse is perhaps identifiable with the Jörmungandr (World Serpent) from pre-Christian Norse mythology that encircles the earth.

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ME659 - Harthacnut (in England: Joint king with Harold I 1035-37, Sole King 1040-1042, in Denmark: Joint King with Cnut 1026-35, Sole King 1035-1042), Danish Issue, Silver Penny, 0.97g., 17mm, Lund mint (Lund, Skåne (now Sweden)), moneyer Alfwarth, radiate helmeted bust left, in armour, +HARÐECNVT, rev., voided long cross, each arm terminating in three crescents, an annulet in the 1st and 4th quarter, a pellet in the others, +ALFPARÐ O LV, (Becker dies CJB H 5/14 ; Hauberg 28; S.1170),  weakly struck on the face, extremely fine with a clear regal, mint and moneyers name. $1495 SOLD

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ME660 - DENMARK, Svend Estridsen (1047-1075), Silver Penning, 1.11g., 17mm Lund mint (Lund, Skåne (now Sweden)), Christ enthroned, rev.,  voided long cross, each arm terminating in three crescents, retrograde legend, (Hauberg 6), toned, extremely fine, attractive style. $795 SOLD

It is believed that the Byzantine inspired designs of Sven Estridsen's early coinage are inspired by the coins in the vast treasure that his contemporary Harald Hardrada brought back to Scandinavia with from the Byzantine empire. Harald, an initial supporter of Svend in his struggle to seize the Danish throne, had been a commander in the Varangian Guard of the Byzantine emperor and had amassed a huge treasure in his service .

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H4505 - Viking Imitation, Scandinavia or the greater Baltic region, copying England, Aethelred II, the Unready (978-1016), Silver Penny, 1.43g., imitating CRVX type (c.991-c.997), bare-headed bust left with sceptre, rev., short cross voided CRVX in the angles, (cf. N.770; cf. S.1148; dies not recorded in Malmer CNS 4 (Sigtuna) or 9 (Lund)), crude die work, almost extremely fine, toned. $2495 SOLD

Provenance:
B. A. Seaby Ltd stock ticket in the hand of 'Bert' Seaby (1898-1979).
 
A well executed imitation of good weight whose style is somewhat reminiscent of the earliest Swedish coinage from Sigtuna. The dies are however unrecorded in Malmer's study of the Sigtuna mint and also the Lund mint.
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H4465 - DENMARK, Knud den Store (Cnut the Great)), (King of Denmark 1018-1035, King of England 1016-1035), Silver Penning, 0.80g., Lund mint (Lund, Skåne (now Sweden)), as the English Pointed Helmet type (1024 - 1030), moneyer Alfweald, bust wearing pointed helmet holding sceptre left, +CNVT REX A, rev., voided short cross with annulet in each angle and over base of cross, +ALFPOLD MO LVND:, (cf Hauberg 10; cf N.787; cf S. 1158), good very fine, toned and rare. $995

The moneyer Ælfweald is not known at London for Cnut, moreover the die style, flan and low weight are typical of a Scandinavian issue.

An early Danish issue of Cnut or possibly Harthacnut struck at Lund in present day Sweden. The dies are of good style and most probably the work of an English moneyer. Early attempts to strike English style coins of uniform design to a standard weight standard like this soon gave way to the more eclectic designs and regional weight standards that characterize the later Danish coinage of Cnut and Harthacnut.

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ME619 – DENMARK, Harald Bluetooth Gormson (Danish: Harald Blåtand) (c.940-986), Silver Brakteater (Bracteate) Penning, 0.25g., (struck c.940 - c.960), Hedeby mint (now Schleswig-Holstein, Germany) or Jelling mint (near Vejle, Jutland, Denmark), design copied with degradation from the Carolingian deniers in the name of Charlemagne from the mint of Dorestad (near the modern Wijk-bij-Duurstede. Utrecht province, the Netherlands), with an axe below, the letters TAT in the centre are the last vestiges of the legend DORSTAT, (Hauberg 1), exquisitely toned, a practically as struck specimen on a full round flan, extremely rare. $2145 NOW $1795 SOLD

Harold Bluetooth, the grandfather of Cnut (the Great), converted to Christianity in 956 and famously had his parents Gorm the Old and Thyra posthumously converted to his new faith and reburied in a new church he had built next to their traditional pagan burial mounds at the royal site of Jelling. The achievements of Harald and Gorm are recorded on two elaborately carved runestones at the site. Jelling, is one possible mint for this coinage, the other being the large commercial town of Hedeby further down the Jutland peninsula.

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JH1 - DENMARK, 'Stridsperioden' (1044-1047), Civil War between the Norwegian Kings Magnus den Gode and Harald Hardråde and the Danish King Svend Estridsen, Silver Penning, 0.96g., Lund mint (Lund, Skåne (now Sweden)), moneyer Othinkarr, radiate helmeted bust left, in armour, design borrowed from the Helmet type of Aethelred II, issued c.1003-1009, +EĐELRED RE, rev., voided long cross, each arm terminating in three crescents, a kidney shaped device in the 1st and 4th quarter,  +OĐĐINCAR O LVD, (Hauberg -), toned, extremely fine, an interesting type, extremely rare. $2995 NOW $2395 SOLD

Provenance:
Ex P. W. P. Carlyon-Britton Collection (1863-1938), lot 1526.
Stock ticket from B.A. Seaby Ltd, written in the hand of Frank Purvey, employed (1950-1984).
 
The 'Stridsperioden' (literally meaning a 'time of dispute') is the name given by Danish historians to the period when rival Danish and Norwegian claimants fought for the Danish throne. This type is struck posthumously in the name of the English king Aethelred II (978-1016), giving the coin a degree of anonymity which the Danish moneyers desired, keeping the coin and their work neutral in a time of conflict. Whilst the obverse regal legend is an anachronistic the reverse mint and moneyer combination is perfectly legible. The moneyer Othinkarr is also a known moneyer for issues in the names of Knud den Store (Cnut), Hardeknud (Harthacnut), Magnus den Gode and Svend Estridsten