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New Additions - February 8th, 2017
 

ER540 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 3.53g., 20mm, London mint, A.D. 313 - 314, laureate cuirassed bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, rev., Sol standing left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PLN in exergue S F in field, (RIC VII, 10), extremely fine. $95

ER541 -  - Crispus, as Caesar (A.D. 317-326), Bronze Follis, 3.67g., 22mm, London mint, A.D. 317, laureate cuirassed bust right, CRISPVS NOB CAES, rev., Sol standing left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PLN in exergue, S P in field (RIC VII, 109), almost extremely fine, black patina. $95

ER539 - Crispus, as Caesar (A.D. 317-326), (A.D. 317-337), Bronze Follis, 3.30g., 20mm, London mint, A.D. 324-325, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, rev., Camp gate or more likely city gate with two turrets, six layers of stone and a star above, without doors, PROVIDENTIA CAESS, PLON in exergue (RIC 295), weak in parts, almost extremely fine. $80

ER506 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Follis, 3.55g., 22mm, Arelate mint (Arles, France), 2nd officina, A.D. 317-18,  laureate and cuirassed bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing right, looking  left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, SARL in exergue, C S across field, (RIC 145), extremely fine, black patina. $125

ER503 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Follis, 3.45g., 20mm, Arelate mint (Arles, France), 1sr officina, A.D. 317-18,  laureate and cuirassed bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing right, looking  left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PARL in exergue, C S across field, (RIC 145), extremely fine, black patina. $125

ER507 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Follis, 2.98g., 20mm, Arelate mint (Arles, France), first officina, A.D. 316,  laureate and cuirassed bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing right, looking  left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PARL in exergue, T F in field left, * below, (RIC 75), good extremely fine, black patina. $115

ER504 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Follis, 3.45g., 20mm, Arelate mint (Arles, France), 1sr officina, A.D. 317-18,  laureate and cuirassed bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing right, looking  left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PARL in exergue, C S across field, (RIC 145), extremely fine, black patina. $125

ER485 - Constantine I (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 3.59g., 26mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), A.D. c. 313-314, laureate draped bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, rev., Sol standing facing head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised, SOL INVICTO COMITI, S F in field, PLG in exergue, (RIC 4), large flan, extremely fine. $85

ER490 - Constantine I (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 4.16g., 24mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), A.D. c. 313-314, laureate cuirassed draped bust right, CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing facing head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised, SOL INVICTO COMITI, S F in field, PLG in exergue, (RIC 6), practically as struck, superb! $105

ER487 - Constantine I (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 3.67g., 26mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), A.D. c. 309-316, laureate cuirassed draped bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing facing head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised, SOL INVICTO COMITI, F T in field, PLC in exergue, (RIC 308), practically as struck, superb! $115

ER496 - Constantine I (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 2.84g., 21mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), A.D. c. 314-15, laureate draped bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, rev., Sol standing facing head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised, SOL INVICTO COMITI, T F in field, PLG in exergue, (RIC 20), practically as struck, superb! $125

ER493 - Constantine I (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 4.54g., 26mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), A.D. c. 309-316, laureate cuirassed draped bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing facing head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised, SOL INVICTO COMITI, F T in field, PLC in exergue, (RIC 308), practically as struck, weakness in reverse. $95

ER486 - Constantine I (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 4.14g., 24mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), A.D. c. 309-316, laureate cuirassed draped bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing facing head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised, SOL INVICTO COMITI, F T in field, PLC in exergue, (RIC 308), extremely fine. $85

ER491 - Constantine I (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 4.27g., 25mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), A.D. c. 309-316, laureate cuirassed draped bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing facing head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised, SOL INVICTO COMITI, F T in field, PLC in exergue, (RIC 308), practically as struck, superb! $115

ER495 - Constantine I (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 4.31g., 23mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), A.D. c. 313-314, laureate cuirassed draped bust right, CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing facing head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised, SOL INVICTO COMITI, S F in field, PLG in exergue, (RIC 6), practically as struck, superb! $115 SOLD

ER492 - Constantine I (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 4.06g., 23mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), A.D. c. 309-316, laureate cuirassed draped bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing facing head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised, SOL INVICTO COMITI, F T in field, PLC in exergue, (RIC 308), practically as struck, weakness in reverse. $95

ER500 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Follis, 4.32g., 24mm, Treveri mint (Trier, Germany), first officina, A.D. 319, laureate and cuirassed bust right, CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PTR in exergue, T F in field  (RIC 41), extremely fine, black patina. $125

ER498 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Follis, 5.13g., 26mm, Treveri mint (Trier, Germany), first officina, A.D. 319, laureate and cuirassed bust right, CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PTR in exergue, T F in field  (RIC 41), extremely fine, black patina. $85

ER531 - Constantinian Commemorative Issue, Dedicated to the foundation of Constantinople (A.D. 330-331), Bronze Follis, 1.46g., 17mm, Constantinople mint (Istanbul, Turkey), 7th officina, helmeted bust representing Constantinopolis, with reversed spear, helmet with pearl diadem, wearing imperial cloak, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, rev.,  GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing either side of a standard, CONSZ in exergue, (RIC 407), practically as struck, superb! $95

ER518 - Constantinian Commemorative Issue, Dedicated the to foundation of Constantinople (A.D. 335-337), Bronze Follis, 2.50g., 18mm, Antioch mint (Antakiyah, Turkey), 10th officina,  helmeted bust representing Constantinopolis, with reversed spear, helmet with pearl diadem, wearing imperial cloak, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, rev.,  Victory standing left on prow, holding spear and shield, SMANI in exergue (RIC 114), almost extremely fine, scarce. $115

ER514 - Constantinian Commemorative Issue, Dedicated the to foundation of Constantinople (A.D. 334-335), Bronze Follis, 2.56g., 19mm, Siscia mint (Sisak, Croatia), second officina,  helmeted bust representing Constantinopolis, with reversed spear, helmet with pearl diadem, wearing imperial cloak, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, rev.,  Victory standing left on prow, holding spear and shield, •BSIS• in exergue (RIC 241), practically as struck, dark patina, superb. $95

ER515 - Constantinian Commemorative Issue, Dedicated to the foundation of Constantinople (A.D. 330-331), Bronze Follis, 2.25g., 19mm, Constantinople mint (Istanbul, Turkey), 4th officina, helmeted bust representing Constantinopolis, with reversed spear, helmet with pearl diadem, wearing imperial cloak, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, rev.,  ictory standing left on prow, holding spear and shield, CONSΔ in exergue, (RIC 155), almost extremely fine, scarce. $115

ER511 - Constantinian Commemorative Issue, Dedicated to the foundation of Constantinople (A.D. 330-331), Bronze Follis, 2.77g., 18mm, Heraclea mint (Eregli, Turkey), 4th officina, helmeted bust representing Constantinopolis, with reversed spear, helmet with pearl diadem, wearing imperial cloak, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, rev.,  victory standing left on prow, holding spear and shield, •SMHΔ• in exergue, (RIC 125), almost extremely fine. $95

ER513 - Constantinian Commemorative Issue, Dedicated to the Foundation of Constantinople (A.D. 330-333), Bronze Follis, 1.72g., 17mm, Thessalonica mint (Salonika, Greece), 4th officina, helmeted bust representing Constantinopolis, with reversed spear, helmet with pearl diadem, wearing imperial cloak, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, rev.,  Victory standing left on prow, holding spear and shield, SMTSΔ in exergue, (RIC 188), good very fine. $75

ER530 - Constantine I, Consecration of (A.D. 307-337), AE4, 1.90g., 15mm, Cyzicus mint (Belkis, Turkey), 3rd officina, before A.D. 337-347, veiled head of Constantine right, DV (Divus) CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, rev., Constantine veiled and wrapped within robe on Quadriga galloping right, the manus dei (Hand of God) extending down from heaven to grasp his extended right hand, [S]MKΓ in exergue, (RIC 19, almost extremely fine. $95

This scene is strongly reminiscence of the Old Testament prophet Elijah's ascent to heaven on a chariot of horses and fire. It is also perhaps telling of Constantine's own and or his successors idea of his place within the Christian 'pantheon', depicting him in the guise of a paramount prophet of the Old Testament. Technically a type commemorating the Divine Status of Constantine the Great, this coin exemplifies the ambiguity that surrounds the emperors relationship with early Christianity. Though he died a Christian he is here named as Divine on his posthumous coinage, a very pagan concept. As Mattingly remarked "a new shade of meaning must have been attached to the term".

ER526 - Constantine I, Consecration of (A.D. 307-337), AE4, 1.34g., 16mm, Cyzicus mint (Belkis, Turkey), 3rd officina, before A.D. 337-347, veiled head of Constantine right, DV (Divus) CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, rev., Constantine veiled and wrapped within robe on Quadriga galloping right, the manus dei (Hand of God) extending down from heaven to grasp his extended right hand, [SMKΓ] in exergue, (RIC 19, almost extremely fine. $95

This scene is strongly reminiscence of the Old Testament prophet Elijah's ascent to heaven on a chariot of horses and fire. It is also perhaps telling of Constantine's own and or his successors idea of his place within the Christian 'pantheon', depicting him in the guise of a paramount prophet of the Old Testament. Technically a type commemorating the Divine Status of Constantine the Great, this coin exemplifies the ambiguity that surrounds the emperors relationship with early Christianity. Though he died a Christian he is here named as Divine on his posthumous coinage, a very pagan concept. As Mattingly remarked "a new shade of meaning must have been attached to the term"

 

ER524 - Constantine I, Consecration of, (A.D. 307-337), AE4, 1.71g., 17mm, Nicomedia mint (Izmit, Turkey),  2nd officina, before A.D. 337-347, veiled head of Constantine right, DV (Divus) CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, rev., Constantine veiled and wrapped within robe on Quadriga galloping right, the manus dei (Hand of God) extending down from heaven to grasp his extended right hand, SMNB in exergue, (RIC 18), well centered almost extremely fine. $125

ER523 - Constantine I, Consecration of, (A.D. 307-337), AE4, 1.71g., 16mm, Constantinople mint (Istanbul, Turkey), before A.D. 337-347, veiled head of Constantine right, DV (Divus) CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, rev., Constantine veiled and wrapped within robe on Quadriga galloping right, the manus dei (Hand of God) extending down from heaven to grasp his extended right hand, CONS in exergue, (RIC 37), well centered but rough in parts, almost extremely fine. $75

SP163 - Gallienus (A.D. 253-268), Silver Billon Antoninianus, 4.18g., 22mm, Mediolanum (Milan) mint, 1st officina, A.D. 264-266, radiate cuirassed bust of Gallienus right, IGALLIENVS AVG, rev., PIETAS AVG, P in field right, (RIC 507; RCV 10310), well centered, almost extremely fine. $115 

SP94 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Base Silver Antoninianus, 2.96g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), radiate draped bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Sol advancing left, P in field left, ORIENS AVG, (RCV 10964; RIC 316), struck onto a full well centered flan, extremely fine. $115

SP108 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 3.03g., 20mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), radiate draped bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Victory standing right, holding palm and wreath, IMP X COS V (RCV 10950; RIC 289), extremely fine. $115

SP102 -  The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 4.48g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 261, radiate draped bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Postumus standing left, P M TR P COS II P P, (RCV 10971; RIC 54), almost extremely fine. $95

SP100 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 2.21g., 24mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 260-265, radiate draped cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Victory left, with captive, VICTORIA AVG, (RCV 10996; RIC 89), small striking crack, almost extremely fine. $85

SP101 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 3.47g., 21mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), radiate draped cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Pax left, PAX AVG, (RCV 10967; RIC 318), extremely fine. $115

SP109 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 2.95g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 260-265, radiate draped cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Pax left, PAX AVG, P in field left, (RCV 10967; RIC 318), good extremely fine, reverse weakly struck. $75

SP94 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Base Silver Antoninianus, 2.96g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), radiate draped bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Sol advancing left, P in field left, ORIENS AVG, (RCV 10964; RIC 316), struck onto a full well centered flan, extremely fine. $115

SP117 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 2.19g., 21mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 260-265, radiate draped cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Pax left, PAX AVG, P in field left, (RCV 10967; RIC 318), good extremely fine. $95

SP113 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 3.80g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), radiate draped bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Victory standing right, holding palm and wreath, IMP X COS V (RCV 10950; RIC 289), extremely fine. $125

SP118 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 2.96g., 20mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 260-265, radiate draped cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Pax left, PAX AVG, P in field left, (RCV 10967; RIC 318), good extremely fine. $95

SP111 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 2.95g., 20mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 260-265, radiate draped cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Pax left, PAX AVG, P in field left, (RCV 10967; RIC 318), good extremely fine. $95

SP120 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 2.84g., 20mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 260-265, radiate draped cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Pax left, PAX AVG, P in field left, (RCV 10967; RIC 318), extremely fine. $95

SP182 - The Gallic Empire, Victorinus (A.D. 268-270), AE Antoninianus, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, 1st emission, 3.13g., 20mm, radiate cuirassed bust right, with features of Marius, rev., AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia, (RCV 11166; RIC 118), good very fine. $155

The early coinage of Victorinus struck at Cologne, as seen in the above example, employs a portrait that is similar in style to that of his predecessor Marius. Not surprisingly the die cutters were finding it hard to keep apace with the rapidly changing succession of emperor's the Gallic rebellion was throwing out.

SP222 - The Gallic Empire, Victorinus (A.D. 268-270), AE Antoninianus, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, 2.04g., 18mm, radiate draped cuirassed bust right, rev., INVICTVS AVG, Sol advancing left, raising right hand and holding whip in left; star to left, (RCV 11170; RIC 114), extremely fine, reverse weak. $80

SP221 - The Gallic Empire, Victorinus (A.D. 268-270), AE Antoninianus, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, 2.81g., 19mm, radiate draped cuirassed bust right, rev., INVICTVS AVG, Sol advancing left, raising right hand and holding whip in left; star to left, (RCV 11170; RIC 114), extremely fine, reverse weak. $80

SP217 - The Gallic Empire, Victorinus (A.D. 268-270), AE Antoninianus, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, 1st emission, 3.35g., 22mm, radiate cuirassed bust right, with features of Marius, rev., AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia, (RCV 11166; RIC 118), good very fine. $105

SP199 - The Gallic Empire, Victorinus (A.D. 268-270), AE Antoninianus, 2.50g., 19mm, radiate cuirassed bust right, rev., Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre, PAX AVG, V * in the field (RIC 118; RCV 11174), extremely fine / very fine. $85

SP194 - The Gallic Empire, Victorinus (A.D. 268-270), AE Antoninianus, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, 1st emission, 3.50g., 21mm, radiate cuirassed bust right, rev., AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia, (RCV 11166; RIC 118), very fine. $85

SP234 - Quintillus (A.D. 270), Antoninianus, 2.68g., 23mm, Rome mint, officina ?, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, rev., Victory walking right, holding wreath and palm, VICTORIA AVG, ? in exergue, (RIC 33), very fine. $75 

SP241 - Aurelian (A.D. 270-275), Billon Antoninianus, 3.86g., 24mm, Siscia mint (Sisak, Croatia), 4tht officina, radiate cuirassed bust of Aurelian right, IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, rev., PAX AVGVSTI, * in field left, Q right, (RCV 11581; RIC 232), almost extremely fine. $135