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New Additions - February 1st, 2017
 

ER477 - Diocletian (A.D. 284-305), AE Follis, 10.44g., 27mm, Alexandria mint (Egypt), 3rd officina, c. A.D. 294, laureate head right, IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, rev., Genius standing left modius on head, holding cornucopiae with chlamys over left shoulder, patera in right from which liquor flows, Γ in field right, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, ALE in the exergue (RIC 14a), extremely fine. $135

ER479 - Diocletian (A.D. 284-305), AE Follis, 8.57g., 30mm, Rome mint, 1st officina, c. A.D. 294, laureate head right, IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, rev., SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae, R(crescent)P in the exergue (RIC 111a), extremely fine, weakly struck in parts, hint of silvering. $125

ER476 - Diocletian (A.D. 284-305), AE Follis, 9.95g., 30mm, Heraclea mint (Eregli, Turkey), 1st officina, c. A.D. 297 - 298, laureate bust right, IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, rev., Genius standing left modius on head, holding cornucopiae with chlamys over left shoulder, patera in right from which liquor flows, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, HTA in the exergue, (RIC 19a), extremely fine. $125

ER538 - Constantine II, as Caesar (A.D. 317-337), Bronze Follis, 3.66g., 20mm, London mint, A.D. 318, laureate cuirassed bust right, FL CL CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, rev., Sol standing left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PLN in exergue, crescent in field (RIC VII, 145), practically as struck, rare, superb! $165

ER537 - Crispus, as Caesar (A.D. 317-326), Bronze Follis, 3.08g., 21mm, London mint, A.D. 321, helmeted cuirassed bust of Constantine right, CRISPVS NOBIL C, rev., globe on altar inscribed VOTIS XX in three lines, three stars above, BEATA TRANQVILLITAS, PLON in exergue,  P A in field (RIC 218), good very fine, rare. $145

ER536  - Crispus, as Caesar (A.D. 317-326), Bronze Follis, London mint,  2.56g., 21mm, A.D. 323-324, laureate bust right,  IVL CRISPVS NOBIL C, rev., laurel wreath enclosing VOT X in two lines, CAESVRVM NOSTRORVM, PLONυ in exergue (RIC 291), extremely fine. $115

ER499 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Follis, 3.36g., 24mm, Treveri mint (Trier, Germany), first officina, A.D. 310-13, laureate and cuirassed bust right, IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, rev., Genius standing left modius on head, holding cornucopiae with chlamys over left shoulder, patera in right from which liquor flows, exergue blank, GENIO POP ROM, PTR in exergue, T F in field, (RIC 845a), extremely fine, black patina. $95

ER501 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Follis, 2.93g., 22mm, Arelate mint (Arles, France), 3rd officina, A.D. 313-15,  helmeted, laureate and cuirassed bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing right, looking  left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, TARL in exergue, (RIC 45), extremely fine, black patina. $125

ER512 - Constantinian Commemorative Issue, Dedicated the to foundation of Constantinople (A.D. 330-333), Bronze Follis, 2.61g., 18mm, Nicomedia mint (Izmit, Turkey), 1st officina,  helmeted bust representing Constantinopolis, with reversed spear, helmet with pearl diadem, wearing imperial cloak, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, rev.,  Victory standing left on prow, holding spear and shield, SMNA in exergue (RIC 196), practically as struck, dark patina, superb. $95

ER516 - Constantinian Commemorative Issue, Dedicated the to foundation of Constantinople (A.D. 330-333), Bronze Follis, 2.53g., 19mm, Alexandria mint (Egypt), 1st officina,  helmeted bust representing Constantinopolis, with reversed spear, helmet with pearl diadem, wearing imperial cloak, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, rev.,  Victory standing left on prow, holding spear and shield, SMALA in exergue (RIC 64), large flan, almost extremely fine. $95

ER529 - Constantine I, Consecration of, (A.D. 307-337), AE4, 0.94g., 19mm, Antioch mint (Antakiyah, Turkey), before A.D. 337-347, veiled head of Constantine right, DV (Divus) CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, rev., Constantine veiled and wrapped within robe on Quadriga galloping right, the manus dei (Hand of God) extending down from heaven to grasp his extended right hand, SMAN in exergue, (RIC 39), very large flan, almost extremely fine, weak in parts. $125

This scene is strongly reminiscence of the Old Testament prophet Elijah's ascent to heaven on a chariot of horses and fire. It is also perhaps telling of Constantine's own and or his successors idea of his place within the Christian 'pantheon', depicting him in the guise of a paramount prophet of the Old Testament. Technically a type commemorating the Divine Status of Constantine the Great, this coin exemplifies the ambiguity that surrounds the emperors relationship with early Christianity. Though he died a Christian he is here named as Divine on his posthumous coinage, a very pagan concept. As Mattingly remarked "a new shade of meaning must have been attached to the term".

ER521 - Constantine I, Consecration of (A.D. 307-337), AE4, 1.84g., 16mm, Cyzicus mint (Belkis, Turkey), 3rd officina, before A.D. 337-347, veiled head of Constantine right, DV (Divus) CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, rev., Constantine veiled and wrapped within robe on Quadriga galloping right, the manus dei (Hand of God) extending down from heaven to grasp his extended right hand, [S]MKΓ in exergue, (RIC 19, almost extremely fine. $95

This scene is strongly reminiscence of the Old Testament prophet Elijah's ascent to heaven on a chariot of horses and fire. It is also perhaps telling of Constantine's own and or his successors idea of his place within the Christian 'pantheon', depicting him in the guise of a paramount prophet of the Old Testament. Technically a type commemorating the Divine Status of Constantine the Great, this coin exemplifies the ambiguity that surrounds the emperors relationship with early Christianity. Though he died a Christian he is here named as Divine on his posthumous coinage, a very pagan concept. As Mattingly remarked "a new shade of meaning must have been attached to the term".

ER527 - Constantine I, Consecration of, (A.D. 307-337), AE4, 1.94g., 16mm, Nicomedia mint (Izmit, Turkey),  2nd officina, before A.D. 337-347, veiled head of Constantine right, DV (Divus) CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, rev., Constantine veiled and wrapped within robe on Quadriga galloping right, the manus dei (Hand of God) extending down from heaven to grasp his extended right hand, SMNB in exergue, (RIC 18), slightly off-centre, almost extremely fine. $125

This scene is strongly reminiscence of the Old Testament prophet Elijah's ascent to heaven on a chariot of horses and fire. It is also perhaps telling of Constantine's own and or his successors idea of his place within the Christian 'pantheon', depicting him in the guise of a paramount prophet of the Old Testament. Technically a type commemorating the Divine Status of Constantine the Great, this coin exemplifies the ambiguity that surrounds the emperors relationship with early Christianity. Though he died a Christian he is here named as Divine on his posthumous coinage, a very pagan concept. As Mattingly remarked "a new shade of meaning must have been attached to the term".

SP154 - Gallienus (A.D. 253-268), Bronze Antoninianus, 3.50g., 20mm, Rome mint, 7th officina, radiate cuirassed bust of Gallienus right, GALLIENVS AVG, rev., VICTORIA AET, Z in field left, (RIC 297), extremely fine. $95

SP144 - Gallienus (A.D. 253-268), Bronze Antoninianus, 2.60g., 22mm, Rome mint, officina Z (7), radiate head of Gallienus right, GALLIENVS AVG, rev., APOLLINI CONS AVG, centaur standing right, drawing bow, Z in exergue, (RCV 10177; RIC 163), good very fine. $95

SP85 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 4.32g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), radiate draped bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Emperor standing right holding spear and globe, SAECVLI FELICITAS, (RCV 10983; RIC 325), good extremely fine, flan flaw in reverse. $75

SP96 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 2.59g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 260-265, radiate draped cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Pax left, PAX AVG, P in field left, (RCV 10967; RIC 318), good extremely fine. $115

SP98 -  The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 3.46g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 260-265, radiate draped bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Hercules standing right leaning on club, lion's skin on arm, holding bow, HERC DEVSONIENSI, (RCV 10944; RIC 64), small striking crack, large flan, almost extremely fine. $145

Sear notes that this "interesting type refers to the cult of Hercules at Deuso or castellum Divitia (modern Deutz, a suburb of Cologne) on the Rhine.

SP215 - The Gallic Empire, Victorinus (A.D. 268-270), Bronze Antoninianus, 2.81g., 20mm, radiate cuirassed bust right, rev., Salus standing left, a snake rising from altar left, SALVS AVG, (RCV 11179; RIC 67), extremely fine. $125

SP224 - The Gallic Empire, Victorinus (A.D. 268-270), AE Antoninianus, 2.97g., 20mm, radiate cuirassed bust right, rev., Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre, PAX AVG, V * in the field (RIC 118; RCV 11174), extremely fine / very fine. $85

SP232 - Quintillus (A.D. 270), Antoninianus, 2.73g., 22mm, Rome mint, officina 3, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, rev., Victory walking right, holding wreath and palm, VICTORIA AVG, Γ in exergue, (RIC 33), slightly doublestruck, very fine. $75

SP240 - Aurelian (A.D. 270-275), Billon Antoninianus, 3.38g., 23mm, Mediolanum mint (Milan, Italy), 3rd officina, radiate cuirassed bust of Aurelian right, IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, rev., FORTVNA REDVX, T in exergue (RCV 11539; RIC 128), almost extremely fine. $135