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New Additions - January 30th, 2017
 

ER483 - Tacitus (A.D. 275-276), Billon Post-Reform Antoninianus, First Officina, 3.65g., 24mm, Rome mint, radiate draped and cuirassed bust of Tacitus right, IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, rev.,  AQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding cornucopiae and scales, P in field right, (RCV 11766; RIC 82), good very fine. $95

ER478 - Diocletian (A.D. 284-305), Billon Follis, 11.18g., 29mm, Heraclea mint (Eregli, Turkey), 5th officina, c. A.D. 297 - 298, laureate bust right, IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, rev., Genius standing left modius on head, holding cornucopiae with chlamys over left shoulder, patera in right from which liquor flows, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, HTЄ in the exergue, (RIC 19a), almost extremely fine. $125

ER481 - Maximianus, as Senior Augustus (A.D. 305-310), Billon  Follis, 11.23g., 30mm, Abdication issue, Aquileia mint (near Trieste, Italy), 2nd officina, struck c. A.D. 305, D N MAXIMIANO FELISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right in imperial mantle, holding olive branch and mappa, rev., PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia standing right, extending right hand to Quies standing left, holding branch and leaning on sceptre, S F in field, AQS in exergue, (RIC 64b), extremely fine. $295

ER482 - Maximianus, 1st Reign (A.D. 286-305), Billon  Follis, 9.31g., 27mm,  Aquileia mint (near Trieste, Italy), 1st officina, c. A.D. 301, laureate cuirassed bust right, IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, rev., Moneta standing left, holding cornucopiae and scales, SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, V in field right, AQP in the exergue (RCV 13296; RIC 31b), hint of silvering, extremely fine. $145

ER480 - Maximianus, 1st Reign (A.D. 286-305), Billon  Follis, 7.81g., 29mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), first officina, c. A.D.298, laureate cuirassed bust right, IMP C MAXIMIANVS AVG, rev., Genius standing left modius on head, holding cornucopiae with chlamys over left shoulder, patera in right from which liquor flows, GENIO POPVLI ROMANI,  A in field left, PL in the exergue (RIC 45b), traces of  silvering, almost extremely fine. $130
 

ER505 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Follis, 3.48g., 20mm, Arelate mint (Arles, France), first officina, A.D. 316,  laureate and cuirassed bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing right, looking  left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PARL in exergue, T F in field left, * below, (RIC 75), good extremely fine, black patina. $125

ER502 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Follis, 2.98g., 20mm, Arelate mint (Arles, France), first officina, A.D. 316, laureate and cuirassed bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing right, looking  left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PARL in exergue, T F in field left, * below, (RIC 75), good extremely fine, black patina. $115

ER497 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Follis, 4.34g., 25mm, Treveri mint (Trier, Germany), first officina, A.D. 319, laureate and cuirassed bust right, CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PTR in exergue, T F in field  (RIC 41), extremely fine, black patina. $95

ER535 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Follis, 3.52g., 20mm, London mint, A.D. 317, laureate cuirassed bust right, CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PLN in exergue, S P in field (RIC VII, 109), extremely fine, black patina. $95

ER534 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 2.91g., 21mm, London mint, A.D. 313 - 314, laureate cuirassed bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, rev., Sol standing left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PLN in exergue S F in field, (RIC VII, 10), extremely fine. $95

ER542 - Constantine I, as Augustus (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 4.77g., 24mm, London mint, A.D. 310, laureate cuirassed bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing left, head radiate, chlamys over left shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left, SOLI INVICTO COMITI, PLN in exergue, T F in field (RIC VI, 121a), extremely fine. $95

ER489 - Constantine I (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 3.07g., 23mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), A.D. c. 313-314, laureate cuirassed draped bust right, CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing facing head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised, SOL INVICTO COMITI, S F in field, PLG in exergue, (RIC 6), practically as struck, superb! $115

ER494 - Constantine I (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 4.72g., 23mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), A.D. c. 313-314, laureate cuirassed draped bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing facing head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised, SOL INVICTO COMITI, S F in field, PLG in exergue, (RIC 2), practically as struck, superb! $115

ER488 - Constantine I (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 2.77g., 21mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), A.D. c. 315-316, laureate cuirassed draped bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, rev., Sol standing facing head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised, SOL INVICTO COMITI, T F, PLG in exergue, (RIC 34), practically as struck, superb! $115

ER484 - Constantine I (A.D. 307-337), Bronze Reduced Follis, 5.17g., 26mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), A.D. c. 309-316, laureate cuirassed draped bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev., Sol standing facing head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding globe, right hand raised, SOL INVICTO COMITI, F T in field, PLC in exergue, (RIC 308), practically as struck, superb! $115

ER519 - Constantinian Commemorative Issue, Dedicated to the foundation of Constantinople (A.D. 330-331), Bronze Follis, 2.09g., 18mm, Lugdunum mint (Lyons, France), 1st officina, helmeted bust representing Constantinopolis, with reversed spear, helmet with pearl diadem, wearing imperial cloak, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, rev., Victory standing left on prow, holding spear and shield, •PLG in exergue (RIC 256), practically as struck, superb! $95

ER509 - Constantinian Commemorative Issue, Dedicated the to foundation of Constantinople (A.D. 330-333), Bronze Follis, 2.25g., 17mm, Cyzicus mint (Belkis, Turkey), 5th officina,  helmeted bust representing Constantinopolis, with reversed spear, helmet with pearl diadem, wearing imperial cloak, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, rev.,  Victory standing left on prow, holding spear and shield, SMKЄ in exergue (RIC 92), practically as struck, dark patina, superb. $95

ER517 - Constantinian Commemorative Issue, Dedicated the to foundation of Constantinople (A.D. 330-333), Bronze Follis, 2.64g., 18mm, Cyzicus mint (Belkis, Turkey), 5th officina,  helmeted bust representing Constantinopolis, with reversed spear, helmet with pearl diadem, wearing imperial cloak, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, rev.,  Victory standing left on prow, holding spear and shield, SMKЄ• in exergue (RIC 73), extremely fine. $85

ER533 - Constantinian Commemorative Issue, Dedicated to the foundation of Constantinople (A.D. 330-331), Bronze Follis, 1.70g., 17mm, Constantinople mint (Istanbul, Turkey), 7th officina, helmeted bust representing Constantinopolis, with reversed spear, helmet with pearl diadem, wearing imperial cloak, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, rev.,  GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing either side of a standard, CONSZ in exergue, (RIC 407), practically as struck, superb! $95

ER532 - Constantinian Commemorative Issue, Dedicated to the foundation of Constantinople (A.D. 330-331), Bronze Follis, 1.28g., 17mm, Constantinople mint (Istanbul, Turkey), 7th officina, helmeted bust representing Constantinopolis, with reversed spear, helmet with pearl diadem, wearing imperial cloak, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, rev.,  GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing either side of a standard, CONSZ in exergue, (RIC 407), practically as struck, superb! $95

ER528 - Constantine I, Consecration of, (A.D. 307-337), AE4, 1.55g., 15mm, Constantinople mint (Istanbul, Turkey), before A.D. 337-347, veiled head of Constantine right, DV (Divus) CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, rev., Constantine veiled and wrapped within robe on Quadriga galloping right, the manus dei (Hand of God) extending down from heaven to grasp his extended right hand, CONS in exergue, (RIC 37), extremely fine, rough surfaces in part on reverse. $125

This scene is strongly reminiscence of the Old Testament prophet Elijah's ascent to heaven on a chariot of horses and fire. It is also perhaps telling of Constantine's own and or his successors idea of his place within the Christian 'pantheon', depicting him in the guise of a paramount prophet of the Old Testament. Technically a type commemorating the Divine Status of Constantine the Great, this coin exemplifies the ambiguity that surrounds the emperors relationship with early Christianity. Though he died a Christian he is here named as Divine on his posthumous coinage, a very pagan concept. As Mattingly remarked "a new shade of meaning must have been attached to the term".

ER525 - Constantine I, Consecration of, (A.D. 307-337), AE4, 1.46g., 15mm, Constantinople mint (Istanbul, Turkey), before A.D. 337-347, veiled head of Constantine right, DV (Divus) CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, rev., Constantine veiled and wrapped within robe on Quadriga galloping right, the manus dei (Hand of God) extending down from heaven to grasp his extended right hand, CONS in exergue, (RIC 37), almost extremely fine, weak in parts. $125

This scene is strongly reminiscence of the Old Testament prophet Elijah's ascent to heaven on a chariot of horses and fire. It is also perhaps telling of Constantine's own and or his successors idea of his place within the Christian 'pantheon', depicting him in the guise of a paramount prophet of the Old Testament. Technically a type commemorating the Divine Status of Constantine the Great, this coin exemplifies the ambiguity that surrounds the emperors relationship with early Christianity. Though he died a Christian he is here named as Divine on his posthumous coinage, a very pagan concept. As Mattingly remarked "a new shade of meaning must have been attached to the term".

ER522 - Constantine I, Consecration of, (A.D. 307-337), AE4, 1.30g., 18mm, Nicomedia mint (Izmit, Turkey),  3rd officina, before A.D. 337-347, veiled head of Constantine right, DV (Divus) CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, rev., Constantine veiled and wrapped within robe on Quadriga galloping right, the manus dei (Hand of God) extending down from heaven to grasp his extended right hand, SMNΓ in exergue, (RIC 18), full flan, good very fine. $125

This scene is strongly reminiscence of the Old Testament prophet Elijah's ascent to heaven on a chariot of horses and fire. It is also perhaps telling of Constantine's own and or his successors idea of his place within the Christian 'pantheon', depicting him in the guise of a paramount prophet of the Old Testament. Technically a type commemorating the Divine Status of Constantine the Great, this coin exemplifies the ambiguity that surrounds the emperors relationship with early Christianity. Though he died a Christian he is here named as Divine on his posthumous coinage, a very pagan concept. As Mattingly remarked "a new shade of meaning must have been attached to the term".

 

SP168 - Gallienus (A.D. 253-268), Billon Antoninianus, 2.59g., 20mm, Mediolanum (Milan) mint, 1st officina, A.D. 264-265, radiate head of Gallienus right, GALLIENVS AVG, rev., Sol advancing left with whip,  P in exergue, (RIC 494; RCV 10295), extremely fine. $95

SP170 - Gallienus (A.D. 253-268), Bronze Antoninianus, 3.39g., 22mm, Rome mint, officina N (9), radiate head of Gallienus right, GALLIENVS AVG, rev., NEPTVNO CONS AVG, hippocamp right, N in exergue, (RCV 10292; RIC 245), extremely fine. $95

SP153 - Gallienus (A.D. 253-268), AE Antoninianus, 3.71g., 20mm, Rome mint, 2nd officina, 10th emission, radiate head right, rev., LIBERO P CONS PROVID AVG, panther walking left, B in exergue, (RIC 230; RCV 10281), very fine. $95

SP158 - Gallienus (A.D. 253-268), Bronze Antoninianus, 3.60g., 24mm, Rome mint, 6th officina, radiate head of Gallienus right, GALLIENVS AVG, rev.,  IOVI CONS AVG, goat walking right; ζ in exergue, (RCV 10235; RIC 207), extremely fine. $95

SP114 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 2.89g., 21mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), radiate draped cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Pax left, PAX AVG, (RCV 10967; RIC 318), good extremely fine, superb!. $145

SP116 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 3.48g., 20mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 260-265, radiate draped cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Pax left, PAX AVG, P in field left, (RCV 10967; RIC 318), good extremely fine, superb! $145

SP110 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 3.32g., 21mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), radiate draped cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Pax left, PAX AVG, (RCV 10967; RIC 318), good extremely fine. $125

SP104 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 3.60g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), radiate draped cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Pax left, PAX AVG, (RCV 10967; RIC 318), extremely fine. $125

SP97 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 3.34g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), radiate draped bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Sol advancing left, P in field left, ORIENS AVG, (RCV 10964; RIC 316), extremely fine. $115

SP115 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 2.61g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 268, radiate draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Jupiter standing, looking right, holding scepter and preparing to cast thunderbolt right, IOVI VICTORI, (RCV 10955; RIC 311), good extremely fine. $125

SP91 -  The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 3.43g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 260-265, radiate draped bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Hercules standing left leaning on club with lion's skin on rock, HERC PACIFERO, (RCV 10946; RIC 67), extremely fine. $125

SP93 -  The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 4.01g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 261, radiate draped bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Postumus standing left, P M TR P COS II, (RCV 10971; RIC 54), extremely fine. $125

SP90 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 2.91g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 260-265, radiate draped cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Pax left, PAX AVG, P in field left, (RCV 10967; RIC 318), extremely fine. $95

SP92 -  The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 3.46g., 22mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), A.D. 260-265, radiate draped bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Hercules standing right leaning on club, lion's skin on arm, holding bow, HERC DEVSONIENSI, (RCV 10944; RIC 64), extremely fine. $155

Sear notes that this "interesting type refers to the cult of Hercules at Deuso or castellum Divitia (modern Deutz, a suburb of Cologne) on the Rhine.

SP213 - The Gallo-Roman Empire, Postumus (A.D. 260-269), Billon Antoninianus, 3.22g., 21mm, Colonia Agrippina mint (Cologne, Germany), radiate draped cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Pax left, PAX AVG, (RCV 10967; RIC 318), extremely fine. $95

SP250 - The Gallic Empire, Aureolus, Striking in the name of Postumus (A.D. 267?-268), Bronze Antoninianus, 2.33g., 20mm, Mediolanum (Milan) mint, 1st officina, 3rd emission, AD 268, radiate draped and cuirassed bust of Postumus right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev., Fides seated left, holding patera and signum, FIDES EQVIT, [P] in exergue, (RIC 368),  extremely fine. $195

SP201 - The Gallic Empire, Victorinus (A.D. 268-270), AE Antoninianus, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, 1st emission, 269g., 19mm, radiate cuirassed bust right, with features of Marius, rev., AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia, (RCV 11166; RIC 118), good very fine, weak reverse. $85

The early coinage of Victorinus struck at Cologne, as seen in the above example, employs a portrait that is similar in style to that of his predecessor Marius. Not surprisingly the die cutters were finding it hard to keep apace with the rapidly changing succession of emperor's the Gallic rebellion was throwing out.

SP198 - The Gallic Empire, Victorinus (A.D. 268-270), AE Antoninianus, 3.68g., 20mm, radiate cuirassed bust right, rev., Pax standing left, holding olive-branch and sceptre, PAX AVG, V * in the field (RIC 118; RCV 11174), extremely fine / very fine. $85

SP233 - Quintillus (A.D. 270), Antoninianus,3.24g., 22mm, Rome mint, officina 7 (“Z”), radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, rev., Fortuna standing left holding rudder set on globe, FORTVNA REDVX, Z in field right, (RCV 11441: RIC 20), almost extremely fine. $135 

SP239 - Aurelian (A.D. 270-275), Billon Antoninianus, 3.31g., 22mm, Mediolanum mint (Milan, Italy), 4th officina, radiate cuirassed bust of Aurelian right, IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, rev., FORTVNA REDVX, Q in exergue (RCV 11539; RIC 128), weak in parts,  extremely fine. $135